The ABCs of HPV and LGBTQ

  • Brandon Gallagher Valencia College
  • JoAnn Adkins, BSN, RN Patient Safety Authority
  • Terri Lee Roberts, BSN, RN Patient Safety Authority

Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 200 viruses.1 These are small, nonenveloped viruses that infect the skin or mucous membranes. Approximately 40 of these subtypes are spread through sexual contact, making HPV the most common sexually transmitted disease. Approximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV.2 This infection usually occurs in the late teens and early 20s, often with the first sexual encounter.3

HPV infections typically are asymptomatic and resolve on their own, but unresolved infections caused by certain subtypes can result in other medical conditions, including genital warts, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, and cancer.

Author Biographies

Brandon Gallagher, Valencia College

Brandon Gallagher is a student of psychology at Valencia College and an LGBTQ activist. During his time as a student at Harrisburg Area Community College, he served as president on the administrative board for Allies, the college’s LGBTQ organization, leading various public seminars on sexual health and ethics, advocating comprehensive sex education, and organizing fundraisers for Alder Health Services in Harrisburg.

JoAnn Adkins, BSN, RN, Patient Safety Authority

JoAnn Adkins (joaadkins@pa.gov) is a registered nurse and a senior infection preventionist for the Patient Safety Authority. Prior to joining the PSA, she was the manager of Infection Prevention and Control for several years at a 315-bed acute care hospital, where she initiated and facilitated several process improvements to decrease hospital-acquired infections and enhance patient safety. Adkins is a Fellow of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), serves on APIC’s Member Services Committee, and is board-certified in infection control and epidemiology. She is a 2019 recipient of APIC’s Heroes of Infection Prevention Award for Education. Adkins is a member of APIC’s East Central Chapter, the Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honor Society (STTI), the Pennsylvania Association Directors of Nursing Administration Long Term Care (PADONA), and the Central Pennsylvania Association for Healthcare Quality (CPAHQ).

Terri Lee Roberts, BSN, RN, Patient Safety Authority

Terri Lee Roberts is a registered nurse and a senior infection preventionist for the Patient Safety Authority. She has an extensive background in critical care nursing, infection prevention and control, and emergency preparedness. Roberts has authored and co-authored many infection prevention and control articles, including publications in Clinical Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, and the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, as well as abstracts for the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, and Southwestern Pennsylvania Organ-ization of Nurse Leaders. She is a Fellow and faculty member of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and a 2019 recipient of APIC’s Heroes of Infection Prevention Award for Education. Roberts is a member of the APIC Three Rivers Chapter and serves on the executive committee for the Allegheny County Immunization Coalition.

References

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 2019. www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/infectious-agents/hpv-vaccine-fact-sheet.

CDC - STDs - HPV. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4 Jan. 2017. www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/.

Meites, Elissa, et al. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination for Adults: Updated Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, 2019. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/pdfs/mm6832a3-H.pdf

McQuillan, Geraldine, et al. Prevalence of HPV in Adults Aged 18–69: United States, 2011–2014. National Center for Health Statistics, CDC. NCHS Data Brief: No. 280; April 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db280.htm

Quinn, Gwendolyn, et al. Cancer and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Populations, 2015. https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.3322/caac.21288

Hawthorne, Wendi. Women with Single Dose of HPV Vaccine Gain Similar Protection as Multiple Doses, 2019. https://www.hpnonline.com/infection-prevention/article/21119883/women-gain-similar-protection-from-hpv-vaccine-single-dose-as-multiple-doses

When Health Care Isn’t Caring. Lambda Legal, New York, Lambda Legal 2014. https://www.lambdalegal.org/sites/default/files/publications/downloads/whcic-report_when-health-care-isnt-caring.pdf

Charlton, Brittany, et al. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in a Longitudinal Cohort of U.S. Males and Females. LGBT Health. 2017 Jun;4(3):202-209. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2016.0103. Epub 2017 May 3. PMID: 28467238; PMCID: PMC5485217. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5485217/

LGBTQ bandaid on Mans arm
Published
2020-06-17
How to Cite
Gallagher, B., Adkins, J., & Roberts, T. L. (2020). The ABCs of HPV and LGBTQ. Patient Safety , 2(2), 8. https://doi.org/10.33940/vaccines/2020.6.4
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