The ABCs of HPV and LGBTQ
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 200 viruses.1 These are small, nonenveloped viruses that infect the skin or mucous membranes. Approximately 40 of these subtypes are spread through sexual contact, making HPV the most common sexually transmitted disease. Approximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV.2 This infection usually occurs in the late teens and early 20s, often with the first sexual encounter.3
HPV infections typically are asymptomatic and resolve on their own, but unresolved infections caused by certain subtypes can result in other medical conditions, including genital warts, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, and cancer.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 2019. www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/infectious-agents/hpv-vaccine-fact-sheet.
CDC - STDs - HPV. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4 Jan. 2017. www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/.
Meites, Elissa, et al. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination for Adults: Updated Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, 2019. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/pdfs/mm6832a3-H.pdf
McQuillan, Geraldine, et al. Prevalence of HPV in Adults Aged 18–69: United States, 2011–2014. National Center for Health Statistics, CDC. NCHS Data Brief: No. 280; April 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db280.htm
Quinn, Gwendolyn, et al. Cancer and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Populations, 2015. https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.3322/caac.21288
Hawthorne, Wendi. Women with Single Dose of HPV Vaccine Gain Similar Protection as Multiple Doses, 2019. https://www.hpnonline.com/infection-prevention/article/21119883/women-gain-similar-protection-from-hpv-vaccine-single-dose-as-multiple-doses
When Health Care Isn’t Caring. Lambda Legal, New York, Lambda Legal 2014. https://www.lambdalegal.org/sites/default/files/publications/downloads/whcic-report_when-health-care-isnt-caring.pdf
Charlton, Brittany, et al. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in a Longitudinal Cohort of U.S. Males and Females. LGBT Health. 2017 Jun;4(3):202-209. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2016.0103. Epub 2017 May 3. PMID: 28467238; PMCID: PMC5485217. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5485217/