Healthcare-Associated Infections in the Long-Term Care Setting: An Analysis of Reports from Pennsylvania
The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System (PA-PSRS) is the largest repository of patient safety data in the United States. In addition to over 3.6 million Acute Care records, PA-PSRS has collected more than 330,000 Long-Term Care (LTC) healthcare-associated infection reports since 2009. A total of 28,310 infections were reported in 2019, representing a 9% decrease from the prior year. The Northwest region of the state had the highest infection reporting rate, with 1.25 reports per 1,000 resident days. There was a 20% reduction in both the number and reporting rate of respiratory tract infections from 2018 to 2019; however, respiratory tract infections remained the most frequently reported infection type overall. Cellulitis, soft tissue, or wound infection was the most frequently reported infection subtype in 2019, followed by pneumonia and symptomatic urinary tract infection. With this information, nursing homes and interested parties can determine which trends or characteristics of the data are relevant for reduction in infections in nursing homes. Overall, this analysis demonstrates areas in which continued education and infection prevention measures can be applied to further enhance the safety for residents in long-term care facilities.
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