Safety Considerations for the Inpatient Medication-Use Process in Pediatric and Neonatal Patients
Keywords:pediatric, neonatal, medication safety, medication use process, formulary, medication reconciliation, administration, ordering, dispensing, computerized physician order entry (CPOE)
The delivery of safe and effective healthcare to pediatric and neonatal patients presents unique challenges to the medication-use system. The diversity of patients within this population and the consequences of ontogeny on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics directly impact the safe use of medications in children and increase the risk of adverse drug events. This review will explore the medication-use system for hospitalized children and neonates, discuss vulnerabilities within this system, and provide examples of advancements made to improve the pediatric medication-use system.
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