Study of Patients’ Return to Surgery Post-Tonsillectomy and/or Adenoidectomy: A Relation Between Patient Age and Timing of Uncontrolled Bleeding
Keywords:return to surgery, hemorrhage, primary bleed, secondary bleed, tonsil, adenoid, patient safety, patient harm, adverse event, risk, otolaryngology, ENT, perioperative, postoperative complication
Background: Tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (T/A) are common surgical procedures. Postoperative uncontrolled bleeding is a well-established complication; however, the relation between certain variables and uncontrolled bleeding are unclear.
Methods: We explored the Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System database for event reports that described a patient who had a T/A procedure and later returned to surgery to control bleeding. We analyzed the post-T/A bleeding events according to numerous variables, such as patient sex and age, timing of the bleed, procedure performed (i.e., tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy), and bleeding site.
Results: We identified 219 event reports from 56 healthcare facilities over a four-year period. The study revealed that 78% of the patients were discharged and then returned to surgery to control bleeding. Patients ranged in age from 1–45 years and 53% were female. Among the 219 events, 41% were a primary bleed (0–1 postoperative days) and 59% were a secondary bleed (2–30 postoperative day). Additionally, 0–1 days and 6–7 days after operation were the periods when patients most frequently returned to surgery (range of 0–30 days). We expanded upon much of the previous research by exploring the relation between patient age and days postoperative return to surgery. We found that a majority of patients in age categories 1–10, 11–20, and 21–30 years had a secondary bleed; in contrast, a majority of patients age 31–45 had a primary bleed.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the post-T/A timing of uncontrolled bleeding may vary systematically as a function of patient age; however, future research is needed to better understand this topic. We encourage readers to use our findings, along with findings from previous research, to inform their practice and strategies to mitigate risk of patient harm.
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